The obtaining of property from another induced by wrongful use of actual or threatened force, violence, or fear, or under color of official right. 18 U.S.C.A. No. 871 et seq.; No. 1951. A person is guilty of theft by extortion if he purposely obtains property of another by threatening to:
(1) inflict bodily injury on anyone or commit any other criminal offense; or
(2) accuse anyone of a criminal offense; or
(3) expose any secret tending to subject any person to hatred, contempt or ridicule, or to impair his credit or business repute; or
(4) take or withhold action as an official, or cause an official to take or withhold action; or
(5) bring about or continue a strike, boycott or other collective unofficial action, if the property is not demanded or received for the benefit of the group in whose interest the actor purports to act; or
(6) testify or provide information or withhold testimony or information with respect to another's legal claim or defense; or
(7) inflict any other harm which would not benefit the actor. Model Penal Code, No. 223.4.
It has also been defined as corrupt demanding or receiving by a person in office of a fee for services which should be performed gratuitously; or, where compensation is permissible, of a larger fee than the law justifies, or a fee not due. Term applies to persons who exact money either for the performance of a duty, the prevention of injury, or the exercise of influence, and covers the obtaining of money or other property by operating on fear or credulity, or by promise to conceal the crimes of others. Term in comprehensive or general sense signifies any oppression under color of right, and in strict or technical sense signifies unlawful taking by any officer, under color of office, of any money or thing of value not due him, more than is due, or before it is due.
For the distinction between extortion and exaction, see exaction.
See also blackmail
- loan sharking
With respect to larceny by extortion, see larceny
Compare coercion

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • extortion — ex·tor·tion /ik stȯr shən/ n 1: the act or practice of extorting esp. money or other property; specif: the act or practice of extorting by a public official acting under color of office 2: the crime of extorting ex·tor·tion·ate / shə nət/ adj… …   Law dictionary

  • Extortion — Ex*tor tion, n. [F. extorsion.] 1. The act of extorting; the act or practice of wresting anything from a person by force, by threats, or by any undue exercise of power; undue exaction; overcharge. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) The offense committed by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • extortion — c.1300, from L. extortionem (nom. extortio) a twisting out, extorting, noun of action from pp. stem of extorquere wrench out, wrest away, to obtain by force, from ex out (see EX (Cf. ex )) + torquere to twist (see THWART (Cf. thwart)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • extortion — [n] blackmail; cheating arm, badger, bite, coercion, compulsion, demand, exaction, force, fraud, oppression, payoff, payola*, pressure, protection, racket, rapacity, shake, shakedown*, squeeze, stealing, swindle, theft; concepts 53,139,192,342 …   New thesaurus

  • extortion — [ek stôr′shən, ikstôr′shən] n. [ME extorcioun < OFr extorcion < LL(Ec) extorsio < L extortus] 1. a) the act of extorting, or getting money, etc. by threats, misuse of authority, etc.: sometimes applied to the exaction of too high a price …   English World dictionary

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  • extortion — /ik stawr sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of extorting. 2. Law. the crime of obtaining money or some other thing of value by the abuse of one s office or authority. 3. oppressive or illegal exaction, as of excessive price or interest: the… …   Universalium

  • extortion — extort ex‧tort [ɪkˈstɔːt ǁ ɔːrt] verb [transitive] LAW to illegally force someone to give you money by threatening them: extort money from/​out of somebody • Smith was arrested on suspicion of having extorted property and money from at least 18… …   Financial and business terms

  • extortion — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ attempted ▪ alleged EXTORTION + NOUN ▪ racket ▪ He was known for running a brutal extortion racket …   Collocations dictionary

  • extortion — n. to commit; practice extortion * * * [ɪk stɔːʃ(ə)n] practice extortion to commit …   Combinatory dictionary

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